A tooth consists of a crown and one or more roots. The crown is the functional part that is visible above the gum. The root is the unseen portion that supports and fastens the tooth in the jawbone. The root is attached to the tooth-bearing bone, the alveolar, of the jaws by a fibrous ligament called the periodontal ligament or membrane. The neck of the root is embraced by the fleshy gum tissue (a specialized area of connective tissue covered with mucous membrane that lines the mouth cavity). The shape of the crown and root vary among different teeth and among different species of animals.
All true teeth have the same general structure and consist of three layers. In mammals an outer layer of enamel, which is wholly inorganic and is the hardest tissue in the body, covers part or the entire crown of the tooth. The middle layer of the tooth is composed of dentine, which is less hard than enamel and similar in composition to bone. The dentine forms the main bulk, or core, of each tooth and extends almost the entire length of the tooth, being covered by enamel on the crown portion and by cementum on the roots.
Dentine is nourished by the pulp, which is the innermost portion of the tooth. The pulp consists of cells, tiny blood vessels, and a nerve and occupies a cavity located in the centre of the tooth. The pulp canal is long and narrow with an enlargement, called the pulp chamber, in the coronal end. The pulp canal extends almost the whole length of the tooth and communicates with the body’s general nutritional and nervous systems through the apical foramina (holes) at the end of the roots. Below the gum line extends the root of the tooth, which is covered at least partially by cementum. The latter is similar in structure to bone but is less hard than dentine. Cementum affords a thin covering to the root and serves as a medium for attachment of the fibres that hold the tooth to the surrounding tissue (periodontal membrane). Gum is attached to the adjacent alveolar bone and to the cementum of each tooth by fibre bundles.
If the tooth is not cleansed or brushed properly, the bacteria may germinate causing plaque and other medical issues. This is the most common reason behind almost all the tooth problems.
For healthy teeth and gums, it is important to prevent the buildup of plaque. If the plaque is removed on a daily basis, there will be little tooth decay or gingivitis. Over the years, it has been found that the daily use of a sanguinaria-based mouthwash is the easiest, least expensive way to maintain healthy teeth and gums. Sanguinaria root, also called Bloodroot, is a proven plaque-killing herb.
This cleanse is not quick like other cleanses where you can start the cleansing as soon as you have assembled the ingredients. Here, it takes two weeks’ time to process the ingredient and make it cleanse ready. The sanguinaria-mint is main cleansing agent, brings freshness to breath. Also we can add myrrh because it is a wonderful healing medicine for mouth sores. It does taste somewhat bitter, but adding sweetener would defeat its purpose.
Oil pulling is a technique that is excellent for oral care. It helps strengthen the teeth and gums, reduces plaque and relieves bad breath. It is also considered good for overall health as it removes toxins. (For Detail refer Mouth Cleanse)
Clove is one of the most important ingredients for treating any kind of dental issue, including cavities. Due to its anti-inflammatory analgesic and antibacterial properties, clove can help alleviate pain and prevent the infection from spreading.
Salt can be used to treat cavities due to its antiseptic and antibacterial properties. It can reduce inflammation, ease pain, draw out any infection and prevent growth of bacteria in the mouth.
Dissolve one teaspoon of salt in a glass of warm water. Swish a mouthful of this solution around in your mouth for one minute, concentrating on the affected tooth. Follow this treatment three times a day until your symptoms subside.
Being rich in antibacterial as well as antibiotic properties, garlic is often recommended for tooth decay and cavities. It can also provide respite from pain and promote healthier gums and teeth.
There are two effective antibacterial compounds in dried licorice root – licoricidin and licorisoflavan A – that can prevent the growth of cavity-causing bacteria. Plus, this herb can also reduce plaque.
Indian lilac, also known as neem, is another popular remedy for treating cavities. Its antibacterial properties can easily destroy cavity-causing bacteria. Plus, it helps maintain healthy and strong teeth and gums.